Part B (ages 6 through 21)


Federal Sources Federal Sources


U.S. Department of Education
President's Commission on Excellence in Special Education (PCESE) – Final

Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP)
Home Page

28th Annual Report to Congress, Parts B and C

2006 Annual Report to Congress, Part D

General IDEA Guidance from OSEP
OSEP’s Legislation and Policy Guidance
OSEP Policy Correspondence

The Tool Kit on Universal Design for Learning
The Tool Kit on Universal Design for Learning is an additional component of the original Tool Kit, and offers a compilation of current information on universal design for learning (UDL).

A Decision Framework for IEP Teams Related to Methods for Individual Student Participation in State Accountability Assessments
Annual Reports to Congress Topic Page
OSEP Part B and C State Monitoring and Formula Grants

Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) IDEA 2004 Website:

Building the Legacy: IDEA 2004
This site is a "one-stop shop" for resources related to IDEA and its implementing regulations, released on August 3, 2006.

Data Accountability Center (DAC)
This information is provided for those interested in the numbers of students with disabilities and trends.  The information is collected by state according to the requirements of Section 618 of IDEA 2004.  No interpretation is provided.  The viewer should read the latest OSEP annual report to congress for the interpretation of the data: Twenty-Sixth Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
Trend Data Reports
Population & Enrollment Data
State-level Data Files

  • Part B:
B Child Count
B Educational Environment
B Exiting
B Discipline
B Assessment
B Dispute Resolution

Access Center
This center is no longer active although their documents are still available.
Module: Effective Interventions for Struggling Readers Fluency
Module: Strategies for Accessing Algebraic Concepts K8
Science Inquiry: The Link to Accessing the General Education Curriculum
Module: Improving Access to the General Curriculum for Students with Disabilities Through Collaborative Teaching Co-Teaching Modules

Government Accountability Office (GAO)
No Child Left Behind Act: Most Students with Disabilities Participated in Statewide Assessments, but Inclusion Options Could Be Improved
GAO-05-618, July 20, 2005
Highlights Page
Full Report

Special Education: Children With Autism
GAO-05-220, January 14, 2005
Full Report

Special Education: Improved Timeliness and Better Use of Enforcement Actions Could Strengthen Education's Monitoring System
GAO-04-879, September 9, 2004
Highlights Page
Full Report

National Center for Culturally Responsive Educational Systems (NCCRESt)

Addressing the Disproportionate Representation of Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students in Special Education through Culturally Responsive Educational Systems
Collection and Use of Evidence
Academy 1: Mining Meaningful Data
Academy 2: Identifying School-Wide Patterns of Student Performance
Academy 3: Looking at Student Work to Target Instruction

The Iris Center for Faculty Enhancement
Nodule: Universal Design for Learning: Creating a Learning Environment that Challenges and Engages All Students.
Module: Content Standards: Connecting standards-based curriculum to instructional planning
Module: Accessing the General Education Curriculum: Inclusion considerations for students with disabilities
Module: Using Learning Strategies: Instruction to Enhance Learning
Module: Classroom Assessment: An introduction to monitoring academic achievement in the classroom

The National Technical Assistance Consortium for Children and Young Adults Who are Deaf-Blind
Accessing the General Curriculum
No Teacher Left Behind: Training Teachers to Meet the Challenge of Accessing the General Curriculum for Deafblind Students
Accessing the Curriculum Frameworks through English Language Arts: Literacy
Issues in Deafblindness: When the IEP Is Aligned with the General Curriculum

National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities (NICHCY)
Effective instruction for students with disabilities
Understanding Universal Design
Assessment and Accommodations

National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard (NIMAS) at CAST
State Director of Special Education Suggested Responsibilities Regarding NIMAS & NIMAC
Accessible Instructional Materials: An Annotated List of Research Articles
NIMAS Policy Brief, April 2008

Center for Applied Special Technology (CAST)
Universal Design for Learning is an educational approach with three primary principles: (taken from CAST website.)
* Multiple means of representation, to give diverse learners options for acquiring information and knowledge,
* Multiple means of action and expression, to provide learners options for demonstrating what they know,
* Multiple means of engagement, to tap into learners' interests, offer appropriate challenges, and increase motivation

Universal Design for Learning (UDL) Guidelines 1.0.
Access the one-page UDL Guidelines Checklist, especially for teachers.

National Center on Accessing the General Curriculum (NCAC). Although this center is no longer funded, their publications are available through the CAST website .
Curriculum Access for Students with Low-Incidence Disabilities: The Promise of UDL
Teaching Every Student: Universal Design for Learning (UDL)

Professional development new online educator resources for Universal Design for Learning (UDL):
UDL Editions by CAST
CAST Strategy Tutor
CAST UDL Lesson Builder
CAST UDL Book Builder
Learning Through Listening

The National Center on Educational Outcomes (NCEO)
Student Perceptions of Instructional Strategies: Voices of English Language Learners with Disabilities (ELLs with Disabilities Report 11)
Hints and Tips for Addressing Accommodations Issues for Peer Review
States' Procedures for Ensuring Out-of-Level Test Instrument Quality
Confronting the Unique Challenges of Including English Language Learners with Disabilities in Statewide Assessments (ELLs with Disabilities Report 9)
Beyond Subgroup Reporting: English Language Learners with Disabilities in 2002-2003 Online State Assessment Reports (ELLs with Disabilities Report 10)

Project FORUM at NASDSE - Home Page
Universal Design for Learning: Four State Initiatives
Whole Class Strategies for Reading Instruction and Students with Disabilities - Proceedings Document


IDEA Partnership Organizations IDEA Partnership Organizations


Education Commission of the States

Recent state legislation: Assessment—Accommodations

Learning Disabilities Association of America
Accommodations, Techniques and Aids for Learning

National Center for Learning Disabilities (NCLD)
Universal Design: Introduction and Background
Universal Design Q&A for Educators and Administrators
A Parent's Guide to Universal Design for Learning (UDL)
LD Talk: Universal Design for Learning (UDL): Effective Technology-based Teaching Practices for All Struggling Learners

National Education Association

Research Spotlight on Universal Design for Learning – Web Section
Universal Design for Learning (UDL): Making learning accessible and engaging for all students

United Cerebral Palsy Association
Assistive Technology Services for Students: What Are These?